1. Use a gentle stain remover
Normal stain removers can be very harmful to delicate materials, so it’s a wise idea to DIY your own stain remover. Mix two cups of lukewarm water with two tablespoons of lemon juice (white vinegar is also a good substitute for lemon juice), then test for colour fast on a less visible area. If it works, fill a spray bottle with the solution and spray it onto the stained area. Then, use a soft towel to gently work the solution into the fabric.
2. Before laundry, button up all your buttons
Doing so will allow your clothing to hold its shape better. This also applies to anything with zip or snap closures.
3. Hand wash if possible
If the care instructions doesn’t give you any information on the laundry method, it’s better to err on the safe side and wash it by hand. Materials such as silk and organza release dirt very quickly, so all you need to do is place it in a bucket of cold water with detergent that’s appropriate for delicate fabrics, swirl it around, and then gently squeeze the extra water out.
4. Wash on a gentle spin
If your care tag allows for laundry, then congrats! But rather than throw it in with the rest of your clothes, take further care to make sure your washing machine is set to a gentle wash cycle, and you are using detergent that’s suitable for delicate fabrics.
You can also consider laundry bags when washing, as they give your clothing an added layer of protection.
5. Never throw it into the dryer
Dryers are very harmful towards delicate fabrics, and can do irreparable damage to your clothing. Instead, hang it out to dry, or – and this applies especially for lace – lay it flat on a clothing rack to dry
6. Also, never dry in the sun
Not only will you run the risk of it losing its rich colour, you’re exposing to more wear when drying in the sun. Instead, choose a shady spot near some sunlight to dry it in.
7. Iron with a cloth over it
Why? Simple: over time, your iron’s surface can start to develop micro scratches and nips that jut out. For most fabrics such as denim or cotton, this is relatively fine. However, sometimes they can snag onto delicate silks, which can be hard to save after. Also, ironing with a cloth over your silk protects it from direct heat, which can affect the fabric and colour adversely.
8. Hang in garment bags
The last thing you want to do (especially after already taking so much care of your clothes) is to have it ruined in the closet. To avoid other clothing nicking onto your delicate fabrics, try hanging it in a dust bag.