Brightening is a tricky issue. Not only are dark spots and uneven skin tone caused by a multitude of factors, you have to take a multi-pronged approach to effectively combat this issue. From inhibiting the production of excess melanin, regulating the transfer of melanin pigments from melanocytes (skin cells that make melanin) to skin cells at the surface as well as accelerating cellular turnover so surface skin cells that contain melanin are effectively eliminated, it’s a chain reaction that’s difficult to put a stop to.
Thankfully, thanks to years and years of non-stop research, beauty companies have identified ingredients that are not only effective in addressing each stage of melanin production, but also bring about other skin-conditioning benefits for a healthy and radiant complexion. Here are the five most commonly used brightening ingredients you need to know about: