1. Teochew Porridge
Similar to economical rice, you choose a few sides to go with a bowl of watery congee. The dishes may be pre-cooked or prepared a la minute. Steamed fish, minced pork, braised duck, salted egg, tofu and stewed vegetables are common options. “You can easily achieve a balanced meal if you select the dishes carefully,” says Jaclyn.
WE ASK JACLYN…
What to order? “When dining with a friend, I’d order two vegetable dishes – preferably dark, leafy greens – plus a fish. Any fish is fine, as long as it’s not deep fried. Each diner should get a palm-sized serving of fish.”
How to choose? “Pick steamed or lightly stir-fried food. Avoid battered stuff, like sweet and sour pork, or dishes with a thick layer of oil on the gravy’s surface.”
How to make it healthier? “Stint on the condiments, especially the fermented soya beans which add unnecessary sodium to the meal. A bit of chilli for taste is fine.”
2. Thunder Tea Rice
White or brown rice is topped with various finely chopped vegetables like cabbage, spinach, leek, chye sim, green beans and preserved radish, as well as tofu, peanuts and fried ikan bilis. It’s served with a green soup made from basil, mint, green tea, mugwort and coriander.
“This is ideal for busy working adults, who find it hard to include vegetables in their meals,” says Jolyn.
WE ASK JOLYN…
Why thunder tea rice? “It has a wide variety of vegetables, which is challenging to find in other hawker dishes. A standard serving contains 7g of fibre – one-third of the daily required fibre intake (20g) for women. The veggies are rich in potassium that helps regulate blood pressure, and the peanuts and brown rice provide antioxidant-rich selenium.”
How to make it healthier? “Go for the brown rice version – extra vitamins and antioxidants from whole grains, plus more fibre. Despite the tofu, peanuts and ikan bilis, this dish is a little inadequate in protein. I’d add more tofu, or have more lean meat at the next meal.”
3. Fish Soup
With little fat added in the cooking process, it’s no wonder fish soup ranks high on every smart eater’s list.
The ingredients – sliced fish, tofu, tomatoes, seaweed, lettuce, bitter gourd or chye sim – offer a good balance of lean protein, carbs and fibre. Avoid the fried fish version as that almost triples the amount of fat in the dish, says Jaclyn.
WE ASK JACLYN…
Rice or noodles? “Nutritionally and calorie-wise, they’re about the same. What’s more important is the portion size. As a rule of thumb, I’d have about three-quarters of the rice or noodles if I don’t work out at least thrice a week.”
Milk or without? “Adding evaporated milk to your fish soup wouldn’t alter the nutritional profile significantly. The serving amount is usually one tablespoon at most.”
How to make it healthier? “If you can, ask to add more vegetables and choose bitter gourd or chye sim over lettuce as they are more nutritious. Also ask for less rice if you are watching your weight or aren’t very physically active, and steer clear of ee mee (deep fried egg noodles) as the calorie count is high.”
4. Yong Tau Foo
This Hakka dish is popular for good reason: You build your own bowl by handpicking assorted vegetables and tofu items stuffed with fish paste or a ground meat mixture.
The ingredients are boiled and/or fried, then served dry or in a soup. They are eaten on their own, or with rice or noodles.
WE ASK JOLYN…
Soup or dry? “I usually order yong tau foo with soup, but I don’t drink the soup as it tends to be high in sodium. If I’m having it dry, I’d ask for sweet sauce and chilli on the side, and have it sparingly.”
Rice or noodles? “The calorie differences between white rice, thick or thin bee hoon, and kway teow are slight. I usually have thin bee hoon as I like its mouthfeel. Egg noodles are the most calorie-dense.”
What to choose? “Go for vegetable-based ingredients with fish paste, such as okra, red or green chilli, bitter gourd and eggplant, as they are higher in fibre, and lower in sodium when compared to more processed items like seaweed chicken, hotdogs and crabsticks.
Stay away from items with ground meat as the stuffing is usually made from fatty meat parts. And include at least two leafy green vegetables, like kang kong and watercress, as well as tofu for sufficient protein.”
How to make it healthier? “Avoid everything fried, and go easy on the sodium-rich sweet sauce and chilli sauce. Have no more than one dessert spoon (three teaspoons) of each.”
A fermented crepe made from rice flour and ground lentils, dosa is considered a healthier Indian food option. “It is very much lower in fat compared to Indian rojak or mee goreng and roti prata,” says Jaclyn.
Dosa comes in many variations, such as egg, cheese or masala (stuffed with spiced potatoes). It is typically served with sambar (a vegetable-based dip) and chutney.\
WE ASK JACLYN…
Which dosa to order? “It may be low in fat and calories, but I wouldn’t recommend eating just plain dosa for a meal, as it’s lacking in protein. I’d take an egg dosa which has more protein, plus a serving of chana masala (chickpea curry) for extra protein and fibre. If you’re ordering masala dosa instead of egg dosa, have just half a standard portion as the potato filling makes it carb-heavy.”
How to make it healthier? “If the stall offers other veggies besides chickpeas, order a portion to increase your fibre intake and keep you full for longer. If not, have a small apple or wedge of papaya after the meal. Skip the coconut-based sambar as it is usually high in fat and salt.”
Text: Estelle Low/Shape