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1. Brown Stains
Coffee-coloured stains are often the first sign that water is leaking through your ceiling. Find the source of the leak and fix it – it can be from a damaged pipe upstairs or a roof hole.
Before cutting and replacing the damaged area, drill a hole in the centre of the stained area to drain any standing water. If the damage is minimal, you may be able to remove flaking with a putty knife before patching. Then apply stain sealer before repainting.
If the ceiling is more severely damaged, then you will need to cut away the damage to the point where the ceiling material is sound. Replace it with a new piece of drywall. Seal joints with drywall compound, sand down and repaint. When in doubt, get a professional to repair the water damaged ceiling.
2. Minor Cracks
Establish that these minor ceiling cracks are not the sign of roof or foundational damage — when a house or building starts to settle, the ceilings can shift slightly and cause minor hairline cracks.
With a razor or utility knife, cut into the sides of the cracks to create a smooth and even V-shape. Then spread joint compound directly inside the crack and fill it completely and evenly. Let it dry for at least 24 hours. Once the compound has dried, scape over it with a putty knife to remove any bumps. Then tape over the crack with fibreglass mesh tape. Apply a second thin layer of compound over the tape. Leave the area to dry. After it has dried, sandpaper the area without sanding it down to the taped area. Then prime and paint in the same colour as the rest of the ceiling.
3. Sagging and Warping
Years of dirt, dust, gravity and movement in the structure can cause ceilings to weaken and sag. See if the sagging part can still be nailed or screwed back in place. If the ceiling is too warped, loose or cracked, it is best to change it before it falls off and catches you off guard.
Text: Home & Decor Singapore